Inicio Presentación
Artículo No. 01 -- Volumen 04 No. 02 PDF Imprimir
Escrito por Henrry   

Análisis de Programas de Salud Sexual/Reproductiva para Escolares


Sexual/Reproductive Health Programs for Students: An Analysis

Autores/Authors:

Shirlei Imianowski, Universidad Fernando Pessoa (UFP), Oporto, Portugal

Rute F. Meneses, Universidad Fernando Pessoa (UFP), Oporto, Portugal

José P. Ribeiro Universidad de Porto (UP), Oporto, Portugal

Palabras Clave/Keywords:

Programa de salud sexual en la escuela, programa de salud sexual en estudiantes, educación sexual en la escuela, la educación sexual en los estudiantes.

Sexual Health Program in School, Sexual Health Program in Students, Sexual Education in School, Sexual Education in Students.

Descarga/Download: PDF (4.8M) pdf

 

RESUMENABSTRACT
En la Conferencia Internacional de las Naciones Unidas sobre Población y Desarrollo, el Cairo 1994, fue declarado que los adolescentes deberían tener la posibilidad de acceder a informaciones y servicios que los auxilien en la comprensión de su sexualidad. Las principales cuestiones sobre salud sexual/reproductiva deben estar presentes en el proceso educacional de niños y adolescentes. Programas de salud sexual/reproductiva generan buenas perspectivas para esta clientela, pues aumentan la probabilidad de iniciar la vida sexual de forma más segura cuando disponen de información y educación sexual. En la medida en que un programa es planeado, implementado, evaluado dentro de una población específica, los resultados tienden a ser positivos mediante los objetivos trazados. A partir de estas premisas, se delinea el objetivo de este estudio: identificar, caracterizar y analizar programas de salud sexual/reproductiva dirigida para escolares. El diseño metodológico empleado constó de una revisión literaria sistemática de artículos publicados sobre programas de salud sexual/reproductiva vinculados a instituciones escolares, en la base de datos de la Biblioteca Virtual de la Salud (www.bireme.br), entre Enero de 2006 y el 31 de Mayo de 2007, usando las palabras claves “Sexual Health Program in School”; “Sexual Health Program in Students”; “Sexual Education in School”; “Sexual Education in Students”. Los resultados demostraron la poca evidencia de programas en esta área. Con todo, muestran que en los pocos identificados, hay una preocupación en evaluar lo que está siendo repasado a los niños y adolescentes, indicando una toma de conocimiento, lo que permite al individuo decidir de forma consciente el comportamiento que irá a desarrollar en su vida sexual futura.At the 1994 United Nations International Conference on Population and Development, in Cairo, it was recommended that adolescents should be offered information and services that could help them understand their sexuality, protect them from unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and sterility risks. It was also recommended that they should be taught to respect women self-determination and to share with them themes regarding sexuality and reproduction. The main focus regarding sexual and reproductive health are education and information. Consequently, they should be a part of children and adolescents’ educational process. Sexual/reproductive health programs generate good perspectives for these populations, as they increase the probability of having them beginning their sexual life in a safer way, when information and sexual education are available. If a program is planed, implemented, and assessed in a specific population, its results tend to be positive according to the aims previously defined. With these premises in mind, the aim of the present study was delineated: to identify, characterise, and analyse sexual/reproductive health programs having students as target population. In terms of methodology, a systematic literature review of published articles focusing sexual/reproductive health programs aimed at students was undertaken. The methodological design used was the systematic literary revision of published papers over sexual/reproductive health programs for scholar institutions, in the data base of Health Virtual Bibliotheca (www.bireme.br), between January of 2006 and May 31 of 2007, using the key words “Sexual Health Program in School”; “Sexual Health Program in Students”; “Sexual Education in School”; “Sexual Education in Students”.The results show a paucity of programs in this area. They also show that, in the few programs identified, there is a clear interest in assessing what is being offered to children and adolescents, indicating a knowledge that allows the individual to decide, in conscience, the behaviour that he/she will present in his/hers future sexual life.
 
Copyright © 2017 TIPICA. Todos los derechos reservados.
boletin@tipica.org ISNN: 1900 - 5121